The Birds & The Bees

30 October 2013

If someone asks you how to get pregnant, you would probably answer: Have sex (or would like to answer this). But it’s really not that simple. It helps in your family-building journey to really understand how a woman gets pregnant.


Here is the basic outline:

1 A woman has two ovaries, which are attached to either side of the uterus. When a woman is born, she has approximately 1 million eggs in her ovaries.
2 A man has testicles, the two glands in the scrotal sac beneath the penis. This is where the sperm are produced. When the sperm is created, it’s stored in the epididymis where it is mixed with semen right before a man ejaculates when having sex.
3 Each month during a woman’s menstrual cycle, an egg reaches maturity and is released by one of the two ovaries and enters the fallopian tube. This is called ovulation.
4 The egg must meet up with a healthy sperm to get fertilized and become an embryo. Because the average egg lives for only 24 hours, it has to be fertilized soon for an embryo to be created.
5 If the egg does not become fertilized, it either dissolves or is absorbed by the body. Also, the ovaries stop making the estrogen and progesterone hormones that would help maintain a pregnancy, and the thickened uterine lining is shed when the woman has her period.
6 If the egg is fertilized, it travels through the fallopian tubes to the uterus where it may implant and grow into a healthy baby.

Unfortunately, sometimes the system breaks and doesn’t always work in the way it should. This is when you should consider speaking with a Fertility / Infertility specialist such as Dr Paul Stokes from Coastal IVF Sunshine Coast. With all the facts you can then make an informed decision as to what is best for you.